The Plastic Brain

Leave a comment

Discokinesia

Parkinson’s disease is a degerenative disease, where the nerve cells that produce the chemical messenger dopamine die over time. The loss of dopamine causes problems in a circuit that helps to control movement, leading to the tremor and rigidity associated with the disease. Drugs like L-DOPA restore dopamine levels, and help patients in early-stage PD.

Unfortunately, as more cells are lost, the ability to regulate the dopamine level is also lost. Therefore, when patients first take their drug there is a huge upswing in activity, leading to dyskinesia – uncontrolled and involuntary movements. As the drug wears off there is a huge downswing, and patients can become frozen and paralysed.

Members of the lab I work in are tackling the problem of dyskinesia, by examining ways in which we can even out the dopamine levels, and avoid these fluctuations. We’ve had some success, and hopefully this can lead to treatments in the future. In the mean time, it’s amazing and inspiring to see people like Tom who are finding novel and creative ways to manage their symptoms. 

Reblooged from white-coat

Advertisements

Author: Rogan Tinsley

Biology, science and maths teacher with a PhD in Neuroscience and passion for education.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s